Hard Water Problems And Treatment


With hard water problems in more than 85% of homes, many individuals are familiar with the problems caused by hard water. Hard water is water with high levels of mineral content, mainly calcium and magnesium in the form of carbonates. Hard water may also include other metals such as bicarbonates and sulfates.

Hard Water = Silent Thief:

  • Damages Appliances:
    • Damage to appliances that use water, such as hot water tanks and heaters result when the minerals in hard water form a scale that builds up on these appliances and pipes. Over time scale build up affects their efficiency. The more deposits collect on the inside of your pipes, the harder your plumbing system has to work. This can lead to higher water bills and eventual damage if left untreated.
  • Costs You Money:
    • Hard water can end up costing you money in other ways as well.
    • Clothes that are frequently washed in hard water will fade faster than clothes washed in softer water. You will notice staining around your home, especially in the bathroom and kitchen.
  • Scale Buildup:
    • Unsightly white buildup around your faucets and fixtures are hard to remove, and you will start to notice discoloration in the bathtubs, showers, and toilets.
  • Dry Skin & Hair:
    • Frequent showering in hard water can cause dryness and irritation of the skin, which could lead to premature aging. Hard water can also cause dryness in your hair as well. Getting your home’s water supply tested will help you to determine how you can eliminate the issue of hard water in your home. A water softener can help to mitigate the effects of hard water and improve the life of your plumbing system and appliances.

If your shower gets a build up of soap scum, has water scale clogging your pipes or your freezer produces cloudy ice cubes, you are experiencing hard water problems. Hard water can not only cause costly issues for plumbing systems and home appliance, but it can also harm people’s skin and hair. Avoid these hard water problems by learning more about your home’s water quality and what hard water treatment system is right for you.

What Causes Hard Water?

Hard water problems are caused by an abundance of minerals in the water. Sometimes boiling can remove the hardness, but some high-mineral-content water—those that are high in calcium and magnesium sulfates—cannot. As water dissolves or suspends, it exchanges elements and compounds from many things it comes in contact with during its travels. Therefore all freshwater sources like contain some varying quantity of calcium and magnesium. Depending on your water supply’s geographical location, your water may also contain elevated levels of aluminum and manganese.

The Effects of Hard Water

While there are no known health problems due to hard water, it can cause costly problems for plumbing, appliances, and machinery. The presence of hard water causes scaling on pipes, drains, faucets, which is the precipitation of minerals that form rock-hard deposits also known as limescale. This deposit can be found in plumbing, water heaters, dishwashers, and washing machines, wasting energy and causing early failure of all water-using appliances.

For homes with hard water, the main effect that individuals notice is the lack of sudsing in their soaps, requiring more detergent for laundry and dishwashing, more soap, and shampoo for bathing. In addition, the combination of soap/detergent and hard water forms “soap scum” that can’t be rinsed off, ultimately leaving unsightly spots and deposits on bathtubs, dishes, glassware, and shower doors.

Using body soap and hard water can cause the formation of scum also known as “curds.” These curds, caused when calcium and magnesium form insoluble salts found in salts, remain on the skin coating the body and clogging pores even after thoroughly rinsing. Over time, they can serve as a medium for irritation, rashes, bacterial growth and dry skin. A similar effect is left behind on your hair from using shampoo in hard water, which can cause rough and tangled hair.

How to Treat Hard Water

If your home has hard water, the easiest hard water treatment solution is a water softener. With a water softener system, hard water bases through the filter which contains negatively charged resin beads that attract and filter out high levels of minerals from the water, specifically calcium and magnesium. Then, the newly soften water goes through the filter and into your home.

How to Remove Hard Water Stains

In an empty spray bottle mix 50 percent water and 50 percent vinegar. Spray the mixture on your hard water stains, and let it sit for 5-15 minutes. Use a small brush or toothbrush to scrub away the stain. Wipe the surface clean with a wet towel. If this does not remove the stain, add some baking soda to the vinegar and water in a bowl and use the brush to apply it to the stain. Additionally there are hard water stain removers you can find in a grocery or hardware store.

Does Your Home Need a Hard Water Treatment System?

At Clearwater Systems, we are proud to offer free water testing to identify the level of hardness of your water. If you think you have a problem with hard water, contact Clearwater Systems for your free water test and quote. Our experts can help you find the specific water softener that is right for your home and find a permanent solution to your hard water problems.