Hard Water Problems and Treatment


With hard water problems in more than 85% of homes, many individuals are familiar with the problems caused by hard water. Hard water is water with high levels of mineral content, mainly calcium and magnesium in the form of carbonates. Hard water may also include other metals such as bicarbonates and sulfates.

If your shower gets a build up of soap scum, has water scale clogging your pipes or your freezer produces cloudy ice cubes, you are experiencing hard water problems. Hard water can not only cause costly issues for plumbing systems and home appliance, but it can also harm people’s skin and hair. Avoid these hard water problems by learning more about your home’s water quality and what hard water treatment system is right for you.

What Causes Hard Water?

Hard water problems are caused by an abundance of minerals in the water. Sometimes boiling can remove the hardness, but some high-mineral-content water—those that are high in calcium and magnesium sulfates—cannot. As water dissolves or suspends, it exchanges elements and compounds from many things it comes in contact with during its travels. Therefore all freshwater sources like contain some varying quantity of calcium and magnesium. Depending on your water supplies geographical location, your water may also contain elevated levels of aluminum and manganese.

The Effects of Hard Water

While there are no known health problems due to hard water, it can cause costly problems for plumbing, appliances, and machinery. The presence of hard water causes scaling on pipes, drains, faucets, which is the precipitation of minerals that form rock-hard deposits also known as limescale. This deposit can be found in plumbing, water heaters, dishwashers, and washing machines, wasting energy and causing early failure of all water-using appliances.

For homes with hard water, the main effect that individuals notice is the lack of sudsing in their soaps, requiring more detergent for laundry and dishwashing, more soap, and shampoo for bathing. In addition, the combination of soap/detergent and hard water forms “soap scum” that can’t be rinsed off, ultimately leaving unsightly spots and deposits on bathtubs, dishes, glassware, and shower doors.

Using body soap and hard water can cause the formation of scum also known as “curds.” These curds, caused when calcium and magnesium form insoluble salts found in salts, remain on the skin coating the body and clogging pores even after thoroughly rinsing. Over time, they can serve as a medium for irritation, rashes, bacterial growth and dry skin. A similar effect is left behind on your hair from using shampoo in hard water, which can cause rough and untangle hair.

How to Treat Hard Water

If your home has hard water, the easiest hard water treatment solution is a water softener. With a water softener system, hard water bases through the filter which contains negatively charged resin beads that attract and filter out high levels of minerals from the water, specifically calcium and magnesium. Then, the newly soften water goes through the filter and into your home.

Does Your Home Need a Hard Water Treatment System?

At Clearwater Systems, we are proud to offer free water testing to identify the level of hardness of your water. If you think you have a problem with hard water, contact Clearwater Systems for your free water analysis and quote. Our experts can help you find the specific water softener that is right for your home and find a permanent solution to your hard water problems.